A Few Words About Vitamins and SupplementsInsufficient vitamin intake will lead to a number of vitamin deficiency diseases. However, high doses of vitamins should be regarded as drugs rather than supplements, which will causes some potential health risks. To keep people informed of the correct nutrition intake, the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council publishes the Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA) for vitamins and other nutritional supplements based on scientific researches and clinical findings.
Vitamin A: Essential for normal growth, integrity of the skin, and bone development.
Vitamin B Complexes:
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) affects growth, appetite, and carbohydrate metabolism.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) affects growth and cellular metabolism (the ability of the cell to take in food, make energy and discard waste).
Vitamin B12 (biotin, folic acid, and cyanocobalamin) is found in leafy green vegetables, organ meats, lean beef and veal, and wheat cereals. A deficiency will result in pernicious anemia and neurological problems, including numbness and weakness.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid): Necessary for the formation of connective tissue between cells as well as maintenance of the "cement" that secures cells to membranes.
Vitamin D: Necessary for the development of bones and teeth.
Vitamin E: Although the exact function of this vitamin is not clearly understood, it is essential to humans and has been related to the healing of scars.
Vitamin K: Essential for blood clotting,
Chromium: Necessary for the maintenance of normal blood sugar levels. Chromium works with insulin in assisting cells to take in glucose and release energy.
Copper: Needed for the production of red blood cells and the formation of connective tissues. Also plays a major role in the defense against free radicals.
Fluorine: Maintains the structure of teeth. Taken regularly, Flourine will help protect teeth from acidic decay.
Manganese: Activator of many enzymes. Manganese is very closely related to the synthesis of DNA, RNA, and protein.
Selenium: Important in protecting lipids of cell membranes (cell walls are made up of a lipid (fat) layer), proteins, and nucleic acids against oxidant damage.
Zinc: Zinc represents only 0.003 percent of the human body, but is essential for synthesis of protein, DNA and RNA. It is required for growth in all stages of life.
Local Doctors and Businesses